How will new technologies benefit the health care industry?
The inability of the human body to absorb entire doses of some drugs presents a major challenge to the healthcare industry. Nanotechnology provides a potential solution to this problem. The use of nanotechnology can transport drugs directly to specific cells in the body, resulting in a more precise treatment that also reduces the risk of failure or rejection.
The nanotechnology industry holds enormous promise for healthcare, from delivering drugs more effectively to diagnosing diseases more quickly and accurately and providing vaccines via aerosols and patches.
What Is Nanotechnology And How Is It Used In Modern Day Medicine?
Nanotechnology is the study of materials at the molecular or subatomic level. The technology relies on manipulating particles smaller than 100 nanometres (one nanometre is one billionth of a meter), which are invisible to the eye and many hundred times thinner than a human hair. Nanoscaled materials have radically different physics and chemistry; they are stronger, conduct better, and are more reactive, and exploitation of this could revolutionize medicine.
In modern medicine, for example, the body does not absorb the entire dose of drugs given to a patient. Scientists are using nanotechnology to deliver drugs to specific areas in the body with greater precision. The active ingredients can be formulated in such a way that they penetrate cell membranes more effectively, resulting in a smaller dose requirement.
What Is The Impact Of Nanotechnology In The Health Industry?
There have been many promising applications of nanoparticles in biomedicine, according to NCBI. The use of nanoparticles in drug delivery is often aimed at increasing bioavailability, biocompatibility, therapeutic efficacy, stability, and solubility, as well as reducing toxic side effects of drugs.
How Is It Changing The Future?
Below are four ways in which nanotechnology is changing the future of the health care industry as we know it.
Nanomedicine focuses on the application of nanotechnology to health care applications including the treatment and diagnosis of various diseases by using nanoparticles in medical devices and nanoelectronic biosensors. At present, smart pills and cancer treatments are being developed using nanomedicine.
In essence, nanobots serve as miniature surgeons. They are used to replace or repair intracellular structures in the body. Additionally, they can replicate themselves so that a genetic defect can be corrected or diseases can be eradicated by replacing DNA molecules. Further research is necessary to determine if this technology is viable.
In addition to wound dressings and surgical textiles, nanofibers are used in implants, tissue engineering, and artificial organ components.
Researchers have developed a ‘smart bandage‘ that, once it is left on the wound site, will absorb itself into the tissue. Smart bandages can incorporate nanofibers containing antimicrobials, clotting agents, or even sensors that detect signs of infection.
4. Nanotech-based wearables
It is a new and widespread way to monitor patients remotely using cloth-based nanotechnology. Nanosensors embedded in the fabric of these wearables record data such as heartbeat, sweat components, and blood pressure. This device alerts medical professionals and the wearer of any adverse changes the body faces.
Despite advances in nanotechnology for health, legal, ethical, environmental, and equity issues lag behind scientific advances. Although nanotechnology may not be as advanced in developing nations as it is in developed countries like the United States and the United Kingdom, it will only be a matter of time before other countries catch up. It is imperative that developing nations understand the ethical and societal implications of technology before it is available to them.